Jathedars of Shiromani Panth Akali Budha Dal [Panjwan Takhat] and Leaders of Damdami Taksaali
Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Jee
|Name||Satguru Gobind Singh Jee (Sodh lineage)|
|Place of Avtar||Sri Patna Sahib, Bihar|
|Date of Avtar||1723 Bikrami, Poh, Sunday 1st January 1666|
|Parents||Mata Gujri Jee, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Jee|
|Wife/consort||Mata Ajit Kaur Jee, Mata Sunder Kaur Jee, Mata Sahib Kaur Jee|
|Ascension to Guruship||1732 Bikrami, Maghar, 17th December, 1675 AD - Sri Anandpur Sahib|
|Ascension to Sach Kand||1765 Bikrami, Katak, 19th November, 1708 AD - Sri Hajoor Sahib, Nander|
|Kin|| Sons - Baba Ajit Singh Jee (Born to Mata Sunder Kaur Jee)|
Baba Jujhar Singh Jee, Baba Zoravar Singh Jee, Baba Fateh Singh Jee (Born to Mata Ajit Kaur Jee)
|Lifespan||41 years, 9 months, 28 days|
|Guruship||32 years, 11 months, 2 days|
In 1733, he conqured Faizulpur and re-named it as Singhpur. In the same year, he was entitled "Nawab". In 1734, he divided the Khalsa Panth into two groups,
Budha Dal and Tarunadal (it was further divided into 5 different groups). He also formed 12 different sub-groups of the entire panth. Bahi Jassa Singh and Bahi Thraj Singh ji were named as among the leaders of these groups. He remained as the jathedar for a period of 20 years. He passed away in 1753. His gurudwara is situated near Baba Tal.
On 14th Oct. 1745, he lead one Jatha in a battle. He attacked Kapurthala and conqured it, and made it his capital. On the 26th April 1761, he conqured Lahore and floated his own currency. As this was one of the act of authority in making the economy flow.
On the 5th of Feb 1762 in a village Kuparhidhe near Malerkotla, he lead the Panth and rescued many womens of Hindus from the Muslim. He further divided the entire Khalsa panth (including the sub-groups) into 2 major groups - Budhadal and Tarnadal.
The sixth Jathedar of Budhadal was born on the 14th Day of January 1761 in a village Sinha. His father was sardar Ishwar Singh died when he was just 9 years old. Akali Phula Singh Ji got baptised from Baba Naina Singh Ji and remained with him at Anandpur Sahib. In 1800AD he came to Amritsar and fought a war with the cruel Shiat Muslim in 1809. He fought many other battle(s) with the Muslim rulers in alliance with Maharaja Ranjit Singh ji.
In the battle of Naushire in 1823 he was sacrificed. His gurduwara is situated on the banks of river Loonday. When he was sacrificed he was a Jathdar of Akal Takhat.
Jathedar Baba Hanuman Singh Ji ... 7th Jathedar
The seventh jathedar of Budhadal was born in 1756 in a village Naurang Singh Wala, Distt. Zira. Baba Hanuman fought his battle in 1845 against the British. He proved too much for the British. Many British soldiers were killed during this battle. As he returned to Patiala along with his army he was fired at by the British cannons and 1500 Sikhs were killed. However, Baba Hanuman Singh managed to escape unhurt and reached Ghudam and fought another battle with the British. In the battle of Kumbada (Suhana) he was executed along with 500 other Sikh soldiers. During his appointment as the jathedar of Budhadal he also served the Akal Takhat (Amritsar). His gurudwara is situated in Suhana.
Some of the Sikhs remained under the Hukum of Guru and remained near to Hajur Sahib and Sikhs who were not involved in these rioting in Punjab kept the love for peace and prosperity flowing through the generations. Gurudwara of Baba Ji is situated near the Gurudwara of Baba Nidhan Singh Ji at Shri Abchal Sahib.
Jathedar Baba Gian Singh Ji ... 9th Jathedar
Born in Mulanpur, Baba Gian Singh Ji came from a Deol family. The town from where he came from had a common cast of Tatlay. He along with his friend Baba Prem Singh came to Punjab after getting baptized. Baba Fathay Singh of Mahilpur, who was a well renowned Nihang Singh in Punjab gave five highly precious horses to Baba Gian Singh Ji as a sign of friendship. Baba Gian Singh Ji was given full support by Fathay Singh Ji to form a strong Sikh foundation in the Punjab. Before Baba Gian Singh Ji came to Punjab, Baba Fateh Singh Ji and Baba Sadhu Singh Ji had got back the Shad Bagh from the Sodhies. Now the fourth generation of Baba Gian Singh Ji is now taking care of Shahid Bagh.
During the reign of Baba Gian Singh Ji people in general were sawing tobacco, Baba Ji didn't liked what they were doing for their earnings. He refused to take any eatables from these people. He advised that they should stop cultivating tobacco, instead they should produce other eatables and that would yield a healthier food. He had enough persuasive power to mould the entire general public to what he liked. The Gurudawara of Baba Gian Singh Ji is located at Sahib Shahid Bagh, Anandpur Sahib.
Jathedar Baba Teja Singh Ji ... 10th Jathedar
Baba Teja Singh was born in 1839, son of Khazan Singh, and his mother was Sugo from Rawalpindi (Pakistan). He became the Jathedar of Budhadal in 1907. He used to perform Kirtan in a very un-usual manner by banging kada with glass. He remained as the Jathedar of Budhadal for 22 years. He lead a normal life spanning 90 years and passed away in 1929. His Gurudwara is located in Amritsar, near the burj of Akali Phula Singh.
Jathedar Baba Sahib Ji Kaladhari ... 11th Jathedar
Baba Sahib ji Kaladhari was born in 1876, son of Kishan Singh and his mother was Athar Kaur. He graduated from Lahore and became the first Tehsildar of Patiala. After leaving his first job, he joined the Budhadal, later on he became the Jathedar of Akal Takht. He suffered lot of injuries during his Jathedari. Britishers imprisoned him and his Jatha, thinking that, he must be hatching a conspiracy to turn the British Empire. Baba Sohan Singh served him, during the captivity period. He lead a normal life spanning 66 years and passed away in 1942. His Gurudwara is located in Amritsar, near the burj of Akali Phula Singh.
Jathedar Baba Chet Singh Ji ... 12th Jathedar
Baba Chet Singh was born in 1914, son of Sardar Gurdit Singh and his mother was Pradhan Kaur Sabo (from Talwandi). He served the Jatha with heart and soul. He bought a piece of land, in front of Anandpur Sahib Railway station, from the Sodhies and named it as Guru Da Bagh (Guru's Park). He lead a normal life spanning 54 years and passed away in 1968. His gurudwara is located in Damdama Sahib, the place of his birth.
Jathedar Singh Sahib Baba Santa Singh Ji ... 13th Jathedar
96 Crori Singh Sahib Baba Santa Singh, the 13th Jathedar was born in 1928. Son of Sardar Baghwan Singh and his mother Pritpal Kaur, belongs to the village Kila Miya Singh (Distt. Gujranwala, now in Pakistan). At the age of 10, he joined Budhadal and served it under the leadership of Baba Chet Singh Sahib. He started a printing press at Guru Da Bagh, at Ananadpur Sahib to propegate the message of Guru(s). He got published many religious literature(s) and distributed them among the common people, free of cost. Now all publications are printed from Patiala. He has started, a monthly magazine (rasala) of Nihang's (Nihang Singh Sandesh).
He was actively involved in getting a factory started in Patiala that is making various types of shastras for the entire Nihang community. Factory makes Swords and Bhala's (Zepline). He appreciates and supports all the technically qualified persons, who comes for the help. Many Gurudwaras and Sarovars are also being constructed under the able guidance of him. He has kept the old saying of the gurus by providing Langar to the general public at various gurduwaras under a very soothing environment. He has bought many acres of land to serve his own community as well.
Jathedars of Damdami Taksal
Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Jee
After the battle of Muktsar Sahib in 1704, Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj reached Damdama Sahib-Sabo Ki Talwandi, here Guru ji compiled Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji, Shaheed Bhai Mani Singh ji scribing all that Guru Ji uttered. Baba Deep Singh ji carried out the seva of providing the paper, pens and ink, for this great task of preparing Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Baba ji did this seva with the utmost love and respect. When Guru ji went to Sri Hazoor Sahib, Baba ji went along with Maharaj. Baba ji was present in the Panj Pyare when Guru Sahib ji gave the Gurgadi (the Throne of the Sikh Guruship) to Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji at Sri Hazoor Sahib ji, Nanded. Along with Baba ji, Pyare Dharam Singh ji, Bhai Har Singh ji, Bhai Santokh Singh ji, and Bhai Gurbaksh Singh took part in this great seva, and completed the Ardas that passed the Gurgadi to our everlasting Master, Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji. Just before leaving the world Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji ordered Baba Deep Singh ji to go back to Damdama Sahib and continue the Taksal (school) that taught Gursikhs the correct meanings and pronunciations of Gurbani. All the Gurdware at Damdama Sahib were also put under the management of Baba ji by Guru ji. Here Baba ji prepared Gurbani Pothis/Anthologies and sent them to numerous Sikh shrines and thus made a massive effect on promoting/spreading the message of the Guru. Baba ji also assisted Baba Banda Singh ji Bahadar in all of his battles between 1708 and 1715.
In 1716 Baba ji prepared four more Saroops (editions) of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji. They were taken to the other four Takhats; Sri Akal Takhat Sahib Amritsar, Takhat Sri Harmandir ji Patna Sahib (Bihar), Takhat Sri Kesgarh Sahib Anandpur Sahib and Takhat Abichal Nagar Sach Khand Sri Hazoor Sahib Nanded (Maharashtar).
Baba Deep Singh ji was not only a great scholar in Gurmukhi (the language created by the Sikh Gurus), but also a great scholar of Arabic and Persian, he was the first writers of the Sikh Panth. Baba ji wrote a Saroop of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji in Arabic and sent it to the Middle East. This was a great service that was done by Baba ji for the Sikhs of these countries.
The Gursikhs of the Panth had and have great respect for the great scholar, philosopher and saint soldier Baba Deep Singh ji. The title of Nawab given to Bhai Sahib Kapoor Singh ji by Zakariaa Khan, out of respect was placed at the feet of Panj Pyare before it was taken up, Baba ji was present in these Panj Pyare. After Deewan Darbara Singh ji left the world for Sach Khand, two Jathe (battalions) in the form of Budha Dal and Tarna Dal were formed. Tarna Dal was made up of five sections each having a jathedar. Shaheed Baba Deep Singh ji, was appointed one of these five jathedars by the Sikhs. There were 2000 horse mounted Gursikhs in Baba ji's jatha. When Masr Rangar was disrespecting Sri Harmandir Sahib it was a Gursikh, Jathedar Budha Singh ji, from Baba ji's jatha that sent Bhai Sukha Singh and Bhai Mehtab Singh to avenge the sacrilege that was occurring (Masr Rangr had turned Sri Harimandir Sahib into a party hall, with prostitutes). Bhai Sukha Singh and Bhai Mehtab Singh decapitated Masr Rangar and his head at the feet of Jathedar Budha Singh ji when they came back. Baba ji heard news of Jahan Khan continuing atrocities against the Sikhs and the sacred Sarover (nectar pool) of Sri Harmandir Sahib. Baba ji reached Taran Taaran Sahib and bathed in the holy Sarover along with a jatha of 500 Gursikhs, all wearing clothes in the sacred colour of saffron and ready for battle. After making Karah Parshad (an offering made to Guru ji, made using butter, sugar, flour, water and Gurbani) and making the following ardas: "Until Sri Harimandir Sahib is free from the tyrants, I will not become shaheed." Baba ji along with their jatha set off for Sri Amritsar Sahib.
Both armies met each other in battle, with the battleground becoming full of blood. Yakoob Khan and Baba ji met each other on the battlefield, Baba ji hit Yakoob Khan's head so hard that he collapsed right there and was killed instantly. Upon seeing this Pathan Jahan Khan confronted Baba ji, both their heads were cut off as they struck each simultaneously. A Gursikh called out, "Baba ji, you promised to place your head at the feet of Sri Guru Ram Das Sahib ji at Sri Harimandir Sahib." When Baba ji heard this he picked up his head in his left hand, took up his sword in his right and continued fighting. The tyrants were so astounded by this event that some started to run away, as they left the battlefield they told their fellow soldiers that the General of the Sikhs is fighting without his head.
While fighting Baba ji progressed to the parkarma (the outer circle) of Sri Harmandir Sahib, with the Sikhs shouting war cries. Baba ji placed his head at the feet of Guru Sahib ji and after completing an ardas left the world for Sach Khand.
Bhai Dasaunda Singh and Mata Lachmi ji from the village Leel (near Khemkaran), District Amritsar, came to the live in the company of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib ji and the Sikh Sangats (Congregation). Guru ji commanded them both to take part in the Seva (selfless service) of the house of the Lord with love. Impressed with their selfless service, Guru ji granted their wish and blessed them with a son who would be a saint-soldier, Baba Gurbaksh Singh ji was born in 1688 AD.
At the age of 11, in the year 1699, Baba ji entered the path of Sikhi by taking Khande di Pahul (initiation ceremony of Sikhi, known as taking Amrit). Baba ji was15 years old, when both his parents passed away at Anandpur Sahib. Bhai Mani Singh ji and Baba Deep Singh ji taught Baba ji Gurmat Vidiya (Knowledge), he was also trained in Shastar Vidiya and became members of Baba Deep Singh ji's battalaion.
When Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib ji left Anandpur Sahib, He ordered Baba ji to stay there and continue Gurmat Parchar (preaching Sikhi) and manage the Gurdwaras. Upon the Shaheedi (Martyrdom) of Baba Deep Singh ji, Baba Gurbaksh Singh ji was appointed as the next Jathedar (Leader) of Damdami Taksal. Just like Baba Deep Singh ji, Baba ji produced Pothis and Gutke (anthologies) of Gurbani and sent them to places of need.
In 1765 when Ahmed Shah Abdali attacked India for the 10th time, Baba ji was the Jathedar of both Damdami Taksal and Sri Akal Takhat Sahib(Sikh Temporal Throne). After bathing in the holy Sarover (pool of nectar), along with 30 other Sikhs from his battalion, Baba ji offered Karah parsad at Sri Harmandir Sahib (Holiest Sikh Shrine) and at Sri Akal Takhat Sahib and then made the following ardas to Guru Sahib ji: "Satguru ji may my Sikhi last with my kes (hair) intact." After taking Hukam (the command from Guru ji) from Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji and reciting "Ghoriaa(n)" (a prayer abot marriage), the Sikhs stated that they were going to wed death. The Afghan forces of Ahmed Shah Abdali attacked the Sikhs and a vicious war began. Das Hazari Khan and Baba ji were in battle, they simultaneously landed blows upon each other and they were both decapitated.
Baba ji continued fighting without his head, seeing this the enemy were horrified and were quick to retreat. Baba ji continued killing off the tyrants and was relentless in his attacks, a Muslim Saint advised the Afghan army said that the only way to stop Baba ji, who wouldn't retreat, was to beg for forgiveness at the feet of the Sikhs Guru for all the atrocities they caused and promise not to come back again. "Forgive us our misdeeds and evil actions," their General begged. It was only then that Baba ji stopped and laid his body to rest.Baba ji's cremation took place behind Sri Akal Takhat Sahib according to the rites of the death ceremony of Sikhi. Gurdwara Shaheed Ganj (behind Sri Akhal Takhat Sahib) commemorates Baba ji's Shaheedi. Baba ji is remembered as one of the great Shaheeds of the Panth and will forever be remembered as a true Saint-Soldier.
Bhai Soorat Singh ji was born in thee village of Chanyot, District Jhang (now in Pakistan). Giani ji's fathers name was Ram Chand, who was renamed Bhai Ram Singh ji when initiated into the Sikh nation upon taking Amrit. Bhai Ram Singh ji studied Gurbani from Shaheed Bhai Mani Singh ji and propagated the teachings of Sikhi throughout Jhang. The Rulers minister in the area disliked what Bhai Soorat Singh ji was doing, so along with his family he relocated to Amritsar.
Bhai Soorat Singh ji did spend some time in the sangat of Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji and in fact accepted the boon of Amrit from Guru ji. Giani ji was taught about Gurmat by Shaheed Bhai Mani Singh ji and Shaheed Baba Gurbaksh Singh ji. They were highly regarded and respected for being a great scholars in Sikhi. Giani ji had great knowledge of the Farsi, Urdu and Hindi languages. Giani ji spent a lot of time at Amritsar teaching Gurbani Santhia (the correct pronunciations of Gurbani) and doing Katha (Gurbani discourse) daily for the sangat.Giani ji wrote pothis of the katha they had heard from Bhai Mani Singh ji. They also wrote a sateek (translations into Punjabi) of the Vars of Bhai Gurdas ji. Giani ji were an ocean of knowledge, being a great scholar and a great Gursikh of our history.
Bhai Gurdas Singh ji was the eldest son of Giani Soorat Singh ji and were born in 1773. Like his father Bhai Sahib ji was a great scholar. Bhai Sahib ji became the Jathedar of Damdami Taksal after his father and continued the teaching of Gurbani Santhia and performing Katha at Sri Harmandir Sahib.
Bhai Sahib ji's son, Bhai Sher Singh became Shaheed fighting for the Khalsa Panth. Somebody asked them, "What is your emotional state after the Shaheedi of your son?" Bhai Sahib ji replied by quoting from Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji:
As long as he is intoxicated with attachment to Maya,
the Righteous Judge - Dharam Raja shall punish him.
After Bhai Gurdas Singh ji left the world for Sach Khand, their younger brother Giani Bhai Sant Singh ji was honored with the leadership of Damdami Taksal. Giani ji was the youngest son of Giani Soorat Singh ji. Giani ji was taught Gurbmat Vidiya by his father and elder brother, previous Jathedars of Damdami Taksal. From 1790 AD Giani ji performed Katha of the daily Hukamnama at Sri Harmandir Sahib. Other Gursikhs would partake in Gurmat Vidiya while Giani ji would be doing katha, as there would be five Maharaj Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji's Saroops parkash (installed).
Giani ji had the honour of teaching the famous Sikh poets Kavi Bhai Santokh Singh ji and Kavi Bhai Megh Singh ji. Giani ji was a great scholar, a true worshiper of Akal Purkh, and an enlightened Gursikh. They had great knowledge of the Sanskrit and Brij languages. Giani ji would perform katha with great splendour and spirit.
One day Maharaja Ranjit Singh after hearing the daily Katha of Giani ji thought of testing him, the Maharaja knew that Giani performed Katha daily and never missed this Seva. He sent two of mesangers requesting the company of Giani ji to meet the Maharaja. Giani ji respectfully sat the two down and served them food. After a while Maharaja Ranjit Singh sent another two messengers, as Giani ji still hadn't arrived. Giani ji treated the second two just as they did the first two. It had come the time to perform Katha at Sri Harmandir Sahib, Giani ji took these four messengers with them to Sri Harimandir Sahib. With Giani ji still not arriving at Maharaja Ranjit Singh's palace, the Maharaja decided to go to Darbar Sahib himself. He was impressed with the discipline of Giani ji that they didn't miss performing the daily Katha just to see him.
Giani ji as well as being the Jathedar of Damdami Taksal was the Head Granthi (Priest) of Sri Harmandir Sahib. They would always make themselves available to talk with and discuss issues with any Gursikh who would come and see them. They would also take part in the seva of cleansing the Parkarma (outer path), picking up the droppings of birds with their own hands. They would also pick up any hair and burn them as per the Rehat Maryada (Code of Conduct) of a Gursikh. Giani ji would do Seva of Sri Guru Ram Das Sahib ji's Darbar (Court) with much passion. They had such great discipline that even when one of their grandsons passed away they still didn't miss any of their daily Seva.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh once fell in battle and was injured. It was Giani ji who picked him up on their back and brought him back to the fort. For the rest of his life, Maharaja Ranjit Singh didn't forget this great deed. Giani ji was the teacher of Shazade Kanwar Naunihal Singh. They also oversaw the Seva of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, when Sri Harmandir Sahib was covered in gold, they ensured that this was completed with the greatest respect for Guru Sahib ji.
Giani ji persuaded Bhai Desa Singh to complete the seva of covering the two Nishan Sahibs at Gurdwara Baba Atal Rai in gold. Giani ji had great discipline and were complete in Seva and Simran (meditation). In the words of Kavi Megh Singh, Giani ji was a great scholar and a strong athletic person. They left the world for Sach Khand in the year 1832 AD. They left three sons: Bhai Deva Singh, Bhai Gurmukh Singh and Bhai Jodh Singh. Bhai Gurmukh Singh became the head granthi at Darbar Sahib after them.
Sant Giani Bhagvan Singh ji learnt Gurbani and studied religion from Sant Daya Singh ji. Sant ji gave Sant Giani Bhagvan Singh ji the Dastar (turban, meaning leadership) of Damdami Taksal. They would reside in the Majeethiaa Bunga (one of the two towers at Sri Harmandir Sahib). Throughout their life they did an immense amount of Gursikhi parchar.his sateek Giani ji has done a great Seva for the Panth.
Sant Giani Bhagvan Singh ji would spend most of their time reciting Gurbani. They were not affected by maya (worldly illusion) and had a disciplined rehat. While staying at Amritsar they taught and groomed many kathakars and paathis. Three famous Gursikhs Sant Harnam Singh ji, Sant Fateh Singh ji and Sant Ameer Singh ji were students of Giani ji. Sant Ameer Singh ji later became jathedar of the Shaheed Bhai Mani Singh branch of Damdami Taksal. Sant Ameer Singh ji is famous for producing a full sateek of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji.
Sant Giani Bhagvan Singh ji were a great poet and scholar, and spoke with much devotion. They believed that all our Guru's, including eternal Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji, are the incarnations of Akal Purkh. Giani ji showed immense respect to the Bani of the Bhagats, and produced a sateek of their Bani. It was published in Lahore in 1897, with Bhai Gurmukh Singh Sidhana doing the seva for the printing.Sant ji were asked by the sangat to produce this sateek, as they argued that the Bani has such a deep meaning and the sateek would assist the understanding of many. Giani ji said that this Bani is beyond human description, just as is for all Gurbani. At the start of the sateek they state the following: "I have little sense, with Guru ji's blessings, the understanding I have learnt, that is what I have written. Guru ji is with us and will ferry us across the ocean that is the world." Thus giving us evidence of their nimrata (humbleness), by producing t
Punjab and its surrounding areas are full of great history. It is an honour that Sri Guru Nanak Dev Sahib ji planted the roots of Sikhi in this area. As Sikhi has grown there have been many saints and warriors that have resided in this area. There have been sacrifices for Sikhi in history and Damdami Taksal has always been at the forefront of these. One type of sacrifice is the sacrifice of a Giani, who studies Gurbani and then spends all of his time teaching and preaching to others. Sant Baba Harnam Singh ji Bedi made this sacrifice. left the world where they stayed at Dera Baba Joga Singh ji.
Baba ji was a great kathakars, forever attached to the charan (feet) of Akal Purkh. They were taught the knowledge of Gurbani from Bhai Jaswant Singh ji. They also studied the Vars of Bhai Gurdas ji, Sri Gur Partap Suraj Granth, and other religious granths.
After Sant Giani Bhagvan Singh ji left the world for Sach Khand. Sant Baba Harnam Singh ji Bedi became the jathedar of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib ji's Damdami Taksal. Baba ji taught many Gursikhs the understanding of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib ji, and other religious granths within Amritsar. Sant ji would also partake in the seva of Panj Pyare at Sri Akal Takhat Sahib ji where people would take Amrit and get initiated into the Khalsa Panth/Nation.
Gursikhs taught by Baba ji, where ever they went, taught others the knowledge of Gurbani and spread the word of Sikhi. Sant ji would everyday go to Sri Akal Takhat Sahib and listen to the nitnem (daily prayers) and Shabad Keertan (singing of hymns). They started the method of doing translations by 'anve arth' - a unique method of translating Gurbani.
Baba ji taught many famous Gursikhs such as: Sant Baba Bishan Singh ji Muralewale, Sant Giani Sundar Singh ji Bhindranwale, Mahant Haakam Singh ji Amritsar, Mahant Harnam Singh ji Muralewale and Sant Bishan Singh ji Kareet.Baba ji stayed at Dera Baba Joga Singh ji Amritsar and was the Head Granthi at Sri Harmandir Sahib ji. All the Gianis of that time, in Amritsar, were students of Baba ji. They never stopped teaching the understanding of Gurbani, even at a very old age. They also had the chance to teach many Nirmale, Udasis, Adanshahee and Majbee Sikhs. Sant Baba Harnam Singh ji Bedi would always wear black and
Sant Baba Bishan Singh ji Muralewale were born in the village Bohith, state Gujrat (now in Pakistan). They were a great scholar and had a highly disciplined rehat. Baba ji was in a family of sehajdhari Sikhs (i.e. they hadn't yet taken Amrit). They were born in the year 1852 AD to Lal Dev ji (father) and Ratna Devi (mother). Baba ji were placed at the charan/feet of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji at the Gurdwara, as soon as they were born and then bathed. The Granthi Singh at the Gurdwara performed the birth ceremony as per the rehat maryada of a Gursikh, thus giving Baba ji the gurti (blessings) of Amrit. After the Ardas a Hukamnama was taken and Baba ji was named Bishan Singh.
By doing the sangat of other Gursikh Saints, Baba ji learnt Gurmukhi and memorized Sri Jap(u) ji Sahib ji. By the age of 13 they had already visited the following historical religious places: Sri Harmandir Sahib Amritsar, Taran Taaran Sahib, Ganga, Paraagraj, Badree Nath, Dehradoon, Rameshvar, Mathra, Ayudhia, Nankana Sahib, Dera Sahib Lahore, Kartarpur Sahib, and Kiratpur Sahib. At the age of 21, while at Amritsar, Baba ji was impressed by the Gursikhs there. It was here where they decided the time was right to join the Khalsa Panth and take Amrit. They did this at Sri Akal Takhat Sahib. Baba ji would recite Gurbani with great concentration, and spent much time meditating on both Gurmantar and Moolmantar. They learnt Sanskrit, jog mat, puran simritian and grammar from Pandit Tara Singh and Pandit Sadhoo Singh. They spent 9 years studying these.
After this time Baba ji came to the sangat of Sant Giani Harnam Singh ji Bedi. Baba ji became one of the main sevadars of Giani ji. Baba ji learnt the knowledge of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib ji and all the history of our Guru Sahibs from Giani ji. Baba ji were then given the seva of teaching other Gursikhs and performing the daily Katha.
Baba ji would forever keep their concentration at the charan of Akal Purkh. They were very strict in their rehat, especially with their kakkars. They forever stayed clear of the four cardinal sins and never let a bad thought cross their mind, even in a dream.
After Sant Ameer Singh ji left the world, the sangat of Murale requested Baba ji to come to Murale and have fixed abode there. At Murale there were about 200 students of Gurbani becoming kathakars, keertanis and paathis. Sant Giani Sundar Singh ji Bhindranwale, Sant Baba Prem Singh ji Muralewale and Sant Baba Bhagat Singh ji Ghebewale were among Baba ji's students. The langar (free kitchen) Seva Baba ji performed at Murale was great, langar was made available for the sangat at all times. Baba ji would perform Katha for two hours at Amrit vela. After this they would go somewhere quiet and for the rest of the day attach themselves to the charan of Akal Purkh in deep meditation. Baba ji loved to partake in Seva themselves. After doing their ishnaan (bath) and nitnem, before performing the daily Katha, Baba ji would fill 150 buckets of water for the ishnaan of their students. They would then clean the floor of the Gurdwara and then complete the Seva of Guru ji's parkash. Everyday Baba ji would ground new flour for degh. Baba ji would say; "the degh is to be offered to our 10 Guru Sahibs, we should therefore never use old flour when making degh." After a while Sant Giani Sundar Singh ji started to perform all the seva that Baba ji was doing.
Nobody was allowed to talk about anything other than reciting Gurbani or doing simran of Gurmantar or Moolmantar, at the Gurdwara in Murale. In those days Baba ji would only eat a couple of handfuls of beans and pulses, and a few cupfuls of water. They would spend 23 hours a day doing simran, remembering Akal Purkh. Baba ji had such a good lifestyle and had reached a great spiritual state that once on the night of Diwali, a few Gursikhs asked them to come outside and see the candles and lights the sangat had lighten. Baba ji gave them the following reply: "For many years now I haven't looked up to see the ceiling of this room. I haven't seen the moon, the sun or the stars. Why do we need to see these lights of the universe? Let me stay here and see the light of Waheguru in my heart, the lighter of all of these lights."
Before Baba ji ascended to Sach Khand, they appointed Sant Giani Sundar Singh ji the next Jathedar of Damdami Taksal, who was forever disciplined in Gursikh rehat and completely understood the knowledge of Gurbani. In the year 1905 at the age of 53, after the bhog of an Akhand Paath, Baba ji left the world for Sach Khand.
Sri Maan (most honourable) Sant Giani Sundar Singh ji was born at amrit vela (ambrosial hours, 2am - 5am), village Bhindran Kalan, state Firozpur, in the year 1883. Their fathers name was Baba Khajaan Singh and their mothers name Bibi Mehtab Kaur. At the age of 6-7 years, his parents who practiced the path of Gursikhi, gave him the duty to milk the buffalos and cows. This was so they could learn and understand the teaching from Guru Ji:
Their father at the same time taught them the banis of: Panj Granthi, Baaee Vaaraa(n), Bhagat Bani, and Das Granthi. Around the age of 9-10 years they were taught how to read Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji correctly, and became an Akhand Paat(h)ee by the efforts of their father. It was at this time they joined the Khalsa Panth by taking Amrit from Panj Pyare. Until the age of 17 years they stayed at home learning the understanding of Gurbani and developing their practice of Sikhi.
At the age of 18 Sant Giani Sundar Singh ji left home after doing an Ardas (supplication prayer) to Guru Ji for an improvement in their Sikhi and for increased understanding of Gurbani. After having the sangat (company) of many Gursikhs and spiritualists they came to the sangat of Baba Bishan Singh Ji at Murale. It was here where they gained the complete understanding of Gurbani (Brahm Gian), this being done within two years.
Before Sant Bishan Singh Ji ascended to Sach Khand (Higher spiritual plane of nether world) they gave Sant Giani Sundar Singh Ji the chance to ask for anything they wanted, as they had spent their time at Murale doing selfless service. They replied without any ego, "it is up to you to decide" what you grace me with. Sant Bishan Singh Ji declared that they should for the rest of their life preach the word of Guru Ji, teach the sangat the meanings of Gurbani so they may join the path of the Khalsa. By doing this, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Sahib Ji and Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji would forever look over you, they added. On the 13th day in the month of Maagh, 1962 Bikramee, 1905 eesvee, Sant Bishan Singh Ji themselves tied the dastar of Damdami Taksal around the head of Sant Giani Sundar Singh Ji Bhindranwale.
To make true the final words of Sant Bishan Singh Ji, they preached the word of Guru Ji, continuously touring around India. They guided people onto the path of the Khalsa helping them avoid the falsehoods in the world. Sant Giani Sundar Singh Ji would forever keep themselves in the remembrance of Guru Ji, and whenever they would do Katha they would bring peace to the listeners. One day while they were doing Gurbani Katha, by the grace of Guru Ji a miracle occurred, Amrit (nectar) started dripping from a corner of the 'chandoaa' (canopy). The sangat at the Gurdwara noticed this and one or two even tried the Amrit and experienced a great sweetness.
To their students they made it known that as well as being efficient in understanding Gurbani and forever remembering Guru Ji, everybody should be efficient in Shastar vidiaa. They would say that each Sikh should be able to defend and protect the needy. They felt it was necessary that every Sikh should follow the command of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji of being true Saint-Soldiers.
They did much to promote the 5 K's (Kes, Kacchera, Kirpan, Kanga, Kara) they stated that they are not merely uniform, but on the contrary they are there to develop our outer physical practice of Sikhi and our inner, thought processes. The wearing of the 5 K's is the command of the Guru, obeying this command many Sikhs have flourished in their Sikhi and will do so in the future.
Even though they became quite ill to a long-term illness in 1929 AD, Sant Giani Sundar Singh Ji forever remained in high spirits. They continually remained in full concentration of Guru Ji at all times. They passed on the selfless service of continuing Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji's Damdami Taksal to one of their students Giani Gurbachan Singh Ji Khalsa.
Within the command of Guru Ji, on 15th February 1930 AD, in the village of Boparai at Gurdwara Sachkhand, while listening to the kirtan of Asa Di Var at around 8:15am they left the world for the charan of Guru Sahib.
In their time they completed the Katha of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji 21 times. While completing their seva they had about 1300 students, of whom 1000 became Akhand Paat(h)ees, 200 became preachers, and 100 katha vaachiks. Sant ji paid for all the costs incurred by their students. Sant Giani Sundar Singh Ji spent all their life in the selfless service of the Khalsa Panth.
Respected Panthic diamond, treasure-trove of knowledge, Brahm Giani, complete in the practices of the Khalsa, Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Jee Khalsa Bhindra(n) Vale was born on Wednesday 12 February 1902 at Amrit Vela (Ambrosial Hours). After his birth he was bathed and taken to the Gurdwara into the presence of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee, the Birth Ceremony was performed and Amrit was given to Sant Jee. Karah Parshad was prepared, Ardas performed and a Hukamnama taken. Sant Jee was named from the first letter of the Hukamnama, per Sikh tradition.
His parents were devout Sikhs and due to the religious outlook of the household, from a young age Sant Jee started placing a Rumala over a stool and doing Chaur over it with peacock feathers as a child. In childhood he learnt the correct pronunciations of the following – Panj Granthi, 21 Vars, Bhagat Bani & Das Granthi, and memorised the 5 morning Nitnem Prayers. Upon listening to Kirtan, Sant jee’s spirit would get uplifted to some inexplicable inner spiritual state of enjoining at the feet of Satguru jee. Due to the guidance of his paternal uncle at the age of 7 years, Sant Jee was an Akhand Pathee of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee.
At the age of 13 years he also mastered the Sanskrit language, he read Ramayan, Mahabharat, Yoga Vishest and other Vedic Granths, after understanding and pondering on the teachings of these, Sant Jee read the Faridkoth Teeka of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee, authored by 52 Nirmala intellectuals, he gained much knowledge from this. But the spiritual taste/elixir he was searching for was not discovered.
In 1920 Sant Sundar Singh Jee arrived at Village Akhare on their preaching tour, it was here upon meeting Sant Sundar Singh Jee that the young Sant Gurbachan Singh gained the inner peace that he was searching for. The Jaap/mediation of Vaheguru Gurmantar began intrinsically. By listening to the Katha and Kirtan of Sant Sundar Singh Jee, Sant Gurbachan Singh’s heart was finally filled with peace and bliss. It was at this point that he felt he should become a part of the Khalsa Panth and he took Amrit. He became such a true Khalsa that he made his life a continuous penance, such a blissful repetition of Simran began which he enjoyed to his last moments, a non-stop invigorating meditation. Mind, body and wealth were all sacrificed at the feet of the Guru. After seeing the Nanakana Sahib Shaheedi Episode:
qnu mnu kwit kwit sBu ArpI ivic AgnI Awpu jlweI ]4]
I would cut my mind and body into pieces, and offer them to You;I would burn myself in fire. ||4||(Ang 757)
They imbued the spirit of this quote into their lifestyle. On the top floor of Sri Harimander Sahib (Amritsar) they meditated on Gurmantar and Moolmantar for 3 months.
jqu pwhwrw DIrju suinAwru ]
Let self-control be the furnace, and patience the goldsmith. (Ang 8)
They attained the great living of the above quote and gained much spirituality through their meditations and prayers.
In 1921 they went to Bindra Kala(n) Gurdwara and met the respected Sant Sundar Singh Jee and humbly asked for the blessing of Brahm Vidiya – Knowledge of God. As a jeweller can recognise the value of a gem, in the same manner Sant Sundar Singh Jee recognised the greatness of Sant Gurbachan Singh Jee at this young age (19), he embraced him with affection and kept a watchful eye upon him. He started to live in the Jatha on a permanent basis. Sant Gurbachan Singh jee started doping seva of Sangat and Sant Sundar Singh Jee, and were always praying to be accepted in the house of Guru Nanak.
Daily he would rise at 1am, after doing ishnaan – they would do simran for 45 minutes. His daily duty was to do the ishnaan of the Gurdwara Sahib, to perform Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee’s Parkash and to recite Sri Japji Sahib and Sri Sukhmani Sahib and to start the Kirtan. He performed his duty with much affection, purity, dedication, commitment and discipline. He listened to Sant Sundar Singh Jee narrate the Katha of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee a total of 4 times and was educated in the following by Sant Jee – Bhai Gurdas Jee’s Vaars & Kabit Svayas, Bhai Nand Lal Jee’s writings, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib, Sri Guru Panth Parkash, Sri Gur Bilaas – 6th & 10th Guru and many other accepted writings. By reading, meditating, listening, accepting and practising Gurbani, the true mystical meanings of Gurbani were realised by him. He got educated in other faiths to further his knowledge, he studied Yoga Vedant, Panj Dasee, Moksh Panth & other Granths along with which he studied Sikh History. He read 125,000 Japji Sahib’s and performed 3,060,000 meditations of Mool Mantar and countless meditations of Vaheguru simran were performed during this period.
In this manner, his mind was always attuned to Gurbani. At night whilst asleep he would even start uttering Gurbani in his sleep. His voice was very sweet, his pronunciation of Gurbani was always correct (Shudh), due to his immense love with Gurbani Sant Sundar Singh Jee appointed him his Paathi (reciter of Gurbani) for Katha. Khalsa Jee’s waking of Amrit Vela (1am in this case), daily recitals, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee’s seva and his joy and respect in performing this seva, sweet and gentle character, understanding of mystical meanings of Gurbani, his achievements and love of Sikh discipline, all these qualities are of the few Gurmukhs that have existed. When reciting Paath for Katha, Khalsa Jee would raise his living/spiritual experience to the stages being narrated.
Sant Sundar Singh Jee narrated the complete Katha of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee at Boporai, Khalsa Jee was the Paathee throughout the Katha and on the day of the Bhog (close) of the Katha, he honoured Khalsa Jee (Sant Gurbachan Singh Jee) with a Siropa (robe of honour) and he said to the sangat, “With us (in the Jatha) we have countless Gurmukhs who have got educated, some have gone on to full-time employment, many have gone on to get entangled in the demands of a householders life (Grahist), but the teachings that were taught to me by Sant Bishan Singh Jee Murale Vale, it is only Khalsa Jee who has met all the teachings of Sant Bishan Singh Jee. Sant Bishan Singh Jee honoured me with many gifts and today I place all these gifts in the keep of Khalsa Jee. The Jathedari of Damdami Taksal started by Sri Guru Gobind Singh Jee is being given to Khalsa Jee – with this Siropa.
On 15 February 1930 Sant Baba Sundar Singh Jee ascended to Sach Kand and Khalsa Jee stayed at Boporai and completed the Katha of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee 3 times and after about 3 and half years along with 16 lucky Gurmukhs they started doing Parchaar on a touring basis. Gurbani Kirtan, Katha, preaching, educating Singhs – making them astute in all aspects of Gurmat and initiating others into the Khalsa Panth were the foremost aims of Khalsa Jee.
On many occasions they would walk many miles along with the Jatha Singhs. Punjab, Kashmir, Peshawar, Benares, Patna Sahib, Jagannath Puri, Rameshwaran, Sri Hazur Sahib, Calcutta, Bombay were all visited and Parchar done. In India there are only a few areas/cities where Khalsa Jee did not visit in their life, to grow the tree of the Sikh Nation and bless people with Amrit/initiation into the Khalsa Panth. Khalsa Jee’s dedication to Khalsa discipline and promotion of solely Gurmat was truly a heart-felt passion.
Just as a lotus flower stays detached/floating along water, in the same manner Khalsa Jee was forever detached from Maya (worldly illusion). Thousands were initiated into the Sikh-fold being enlightened by Khalsa Jee, thousands were taught the correct pronunciations of Gurbani and countless Gianis were moulded. In literature Khalsa Jee has immensely contributed by writing various tracts/pothis about Gurbani and Sikh History and Sikh discipline. He did the construction seva of many Gurdwaras. His katha was so inspirational that if one heard it the once, they never forgot it and they would listen to it repeatedly to further their lifestyle to higher morality and spirituality.
Whilst doing Katha/Kirtan Parchar – the Sangat invited him to Village Mehta, Khalsa Jee accepted the invite and went to Mehta. On 28 June 1961 at Mehta on Thursday at 2.10am their breathing started slowing down and whilst doing Vaheguru Simran, Khalsa Jee merged back into the light that he had come from (back to God). Taking Khalsa Jee to Amritsar Sahib water was taken from the Amrit Sarovar and Khalsa Jee’s ishnaan was performed outside the Gurdwara complex. According to Khalsa Jee’s wishes he’s body was cremated at Patalpuri – Sri Kiratpur Sahib.
On three occasions prior to ascending to Sachkand, Khalsa Jee had commented on Sant Kartar Singh Jee becoming the next Jathedar of Damdami Taksal, Sant Kartar Singh Jee was a great scholar, a Gursikh, complete in Khalsa discipline, forever reciting Gurbani and of high morals and spirituality. All the Sikh world will forever be indebted to Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Jee Khalsa, who for the benefit of humanity, for approximately 40 years dedicated their life to Gurmat Parchar and gave thousands direction in improving their characters/lifestyle. However much we talk about their sacrifice, it is still little and we cannot express true gratitude or complete praise of their inexplicable seva.
Sant Kartar Singh Jee Khalsa was born in 1932 AD, to Mata Labh Kaur & Jathedar Chanda Singh Jee, V. Purane Poore, Tehsil Kasoor, Dist. Lahore, it is now in Dist. Amritsar. Jathedar Chanda Singh was a great Gursikh of high morals and good discipline. Sant Kartar Singh Jee was first educated at the Government Middle School Khemharan, 9th & 10th grade were studied at National High School – Bhikhivind, after which further studies were made at Khalsa College Amritsar. Along with worldly education, Sant Kartar Singh Jee was educated in Gurmat by Baba Baga Singh Jee who lived in their village. With the grace of Guru Jee, he quickly learnt his 5 morning prayers, Reharas, Kirtan Sohela off by heart. They were still a student when in 1948 AD, they took Amrit at Bhindra from Sant Gurbachan Singh Jee’s Jatha who were at Bhindra at the time. After taking Amrit they became very close with Sant Gurbachan Singh Jee. they were cremated on 21 August 1977.
Whilst studying at Khalsa College they used to remain engrossed in Simran and prayers. They used to recite a lot of Gurbani, over and above the compulsory Nitnem for Sikhs. His Anand Karaj was performed in 1950 at the age of 18 years. Two sons were born who are, Shaheed Bhai Amrik Singh Jee and Bhai ManJeet Singh Jee. With the permission of Khalsa Jee and to fulfil his father’s desire, Sant Kartar Singh Jee became a Patvari (village level revenue official who keeps records of land holdings, crop surveys and calculates land revenue) for a while, but in 1957 AD he resigned from his job and started living in the Jatha on a permanent basis. For some time they did the seva of being a Garveye (similar to personal assistant) to Khalsa Jee. Daily they would recite the 5 morning prayers, Jaitsri Di Var, Satte Balvade di Vaar, 25 Ang of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee and in the evening they would recite the Panj Granthi, both Bareh Maha and many Japjee Sahib’s in Khalsa Jee’s presence. They were dedicated in their seva and would willingly do any seva.
He used to remain engrossed in Simran and Gursikhi Parchar, thinking about the Sikh nation at all times (Chardhi Kala of the Sikh Nation). They would always be thinking about why Sikhs were straying away from Sikhi thinking - Have Sikhs forgot the Gurus actions that were for the benefit of us? He would discuss with learned Gursikhs – what strategy should be undertaken to ensure that the message of Sikhi can reach each and every household. They would perform their duties till 12am/1am, and would wake up at 4am – this was their daily timetable. He used to say, “God has blessed us with beautiful bodies, he gives us good food and the greatest of all he has blessed us with birth into a Sikh household, then if we get tired or lazy we do not have the right to live – as we should be dedicating each breath to Sikhi Parchar.”
They used to get happy and energised, when more Katha was performed in the day, whilst touring doing Parchar. They had that much love for Sikhi that they wanted all to take Amrit and become Sikhs, he used to say what a great sight it would be if in all directions we would have the sight of Singhs. To get bookings of Sant Kartar Singh Jee was very hard as their was much demand for them. Sant Jee never refused anyone, at Gurdwara Nabha Sahib they became very ill and the Singhs had to assist them up the stairs, after which sangat from Chandigarh came at 10pm and said that there is a Divan taking place and the whole sangat is waiting for your presence – even if you attend and speak for only 10 minutes – the Singhs tried to convince Sant Jee not to go due to ill health but they still went to Chandigarh sector 19D and did Katha for 10 minutes with much fervour. When many people used to ask for their presence they used to say, “Singhs we have no guarantees from our humanly bodies, so we should do Sikhi Parchar to our hearts content – as much as is physically possible.”
He used to say that for Sikhi to flourish, a Parcharaks lifestyle should be exemplary and disciplined. With regard to this they emphasised that each person who publicly speaks at the Gurdwara from the stage must be Amritdhari. He advised the committee of Sri Patna Sahib with regards to this and they issued an edict/Hukamnama stating this, with which 36 Dhadi Jathas and many Parcharaks became Amritdahri. Delighted with this Sant Kartar Singh Jee gave saropas to these Parcharaks on 7th October 1976 AD at Bir Baba Budha Sahib Jee. 250,000 peope had congregated, Sant Jee narrated the history of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadar Jee and other Shaheeds and 5,000 men out of the Sangat stood up and promised never to drink alcohol again or cut their hair. Whenever anyone used to ask for their presence at their home, if they were Patit (not within Sikh Code of Conduct), cut their hair, drank alocohol/take intoxicants – until the home owners would promise that they would give up drinking alcohol/taking intoxicants or stop cutting their hair – they would not go to their home or eat anything from them. In this way they put many onto the path of Sikhi.
Siri Guru Tegh Bahadurs Jee’s 300th Shaheedhi day was celebrated by Sant Jee by getting organisations, Jathebandhis, Colleges participate in Sikhi preaching. In relation to this during the emergency period of the government 37 great processions were carried out in various locations – the achievements of which are beyond description. The whole Sikh world was awakened by these great events. Sant Jee would stand for 15 hours at a time doing Parchar. A 100km long procession would go pass 60-70 villages and Sant Jee would do parchar for 10-15 minutes at each village. Each village’s Sangat was made to sing the following slogan:-
May my head be sacrificed, but not my Sikhi ads. Sant Jee replied that the 2 ministers should be informed that the procession is being performed in memory and honour of the protector of the Hindus – Hind dee Chadar. The ministers should remove their shoes and stand with both hands folded and clear the road for the procession to pass. Sant Jee was asked to lay the foundation of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur charitable hospital in Ludhiana, when Sant Jee arrived their about 15-20 men got up in the Divan to welcome Snat Jee. Sant Jee walked out and left. The organisers went and asked the reason for this exit and Sant Jee replied that “in the presence of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee no-one should stand to welcome or respect another, as this degrades the respect of the Guru.” All the organisers asked for forgiveness, Sant Jee sent them all back into the Divan and Sant Jee went in by himself after all of them. Sant Jee explained to them that it doesn’t matter how famous the leader or great a Gursikh is – no-one is greater than the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee.
In Delhi on 7 December 1975 AD – to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the Shaheedi of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Jee, in the Ram Lila ground, a procession of 2.2 million people arrived and P.M. Indira Gandhi came onto the stage and in the presence of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee all those on the stage arose to welcome and respect her, but it was only Sant Kartar Singh Jee who remained seated. On the stage Sant Jee spoke passionately about this anti-Sikh act. Many leaders who spoke on the stage said that P.M. Indira Gandhi had built an excellent relationship with Punjab, after which she said, the Delhi government got Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur martyred and today the Delhi government prostrates to Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Jee. The same Delhi government who were given reports against the Sikhs today respects and reveres Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Jee.
Sant Jee’s time to speak was after P.M. Indira Gandhi, they began with,
“First Rajput Kings used to give their daughters to get rewards. Today Sikhs are disgracing themselves if they do the same. For this reason no Sikh is to marry their daughter to a Mona or a patit and the rehatnama says:
Kanya Daave Sikh Ko leve neh kich daam Soi mera Sikh Hai Puche Guru de Dham
Guru Gobind Singh Jee is saying that the Sikh that marry’s his daughter to a Sikh and does not take any money/dowry, he is a true Sikh of mine and will reach my abode in Sachkand. (Bhai Sahib Singh Rehatnama, p.160)
The second point that they clarified was that “We want to ask Indira Gandhi who achieved the rule of the Delhi government? If you have come here to prostrate to Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur you have done no great act. If Guru Jee had not become martyred the master of this throne would have been a Muslim and everywhere all would be greeted with Salema Lekham. You yourself would have been under a Burka.
The number of hairs that are on the body of the P.M., even if she was to cut her head off that many times and placed at the feet of Guru Jee, she still would not be able to remove the debt owed to Sri Guru Tegh Bahaur Jee. Regardless of how powerful the P.M. – no-one is more powerful than our Guru. She should prostrate to our loved one, the light of the 10 Kings - Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee, not that we get up and pay respect to her.” Upon this Jakaras were heard from all areas of the arena.
Due to the truth being spoken by Snat Kartar Singh Jee, this led to disputes being raised by P.M. Indira Gandhi with the Damdami Taksal. If anyone disrespected Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee they Sant Jee never tolerated it, regardless of who they were. Thus they spoke up against the Nakali Nirankaris and did programmes to tackle their onslaught on Sikhi.
Sant Kartar Singh Jee was the Jathedar of Damdami Taksal for 8 years and did much Gurmat Parchar in this time. On 3 August 1977 AD they were travelling from V. Maleeha (n) (Jalandhar) to Solan and at the station Hussaainpur (near Ludhiana), their car crashed into a tree – where they were critically injured. They were taken to C.M.C. Hospital. They ascended to Sachkhand here on 16 August 1977. The Gurdwara Gurdarshan Parkash, which they built in memory of Sant Gurbachan Singh Jee Khalsa at Mehta was where they were cremated on 21st August 1977.SANT GIANI KARTAR SINGH JI KHALSA BHINDRANWALE’S MUKH STUDENTS:- 1.SANT GIANI JARNAIL SINGH JI KHALSA BHINDRANWALE (DAMDAMI TAKSAL’S PRESANT JATHEDAR) 2.BHAI AMRIK SINGH JI SHAHEED (PRESIDENT ALL INDIA SIKH STUDENTS FEDERATION) 3.SINGH SAHIB GIANI JASBIR SINGH JI RODE (JATHEDAR SRI AKAL TAKHAT SAHIB) 4.SINGH SAHIB GIANI SHAVINDER SINGH JI (JATHEDAR TAKHAT SRI KESHGAR SAHIB) 5.SINGH SAHIB GIANI JASWANT SINGH JI (JATHEDAR TAKHAT SRI DAMDAMA SAHIB) 6.SINGH SAHIB GIANI RAM SINGH JI (GRANTHI SRI DARBAR SAHIB, AMRITSAR) 7.GIANI HARDEEP SINGH JI (HEAD GRANTHI TAKHAT SRI HAZUR SAHIB JI) 8.JATHEDAR GIANI RAM SINGH SULTANPURI 9.GIANI JASWANT SINGH JI (GRANTHI SRI DARBAR SAHIB AMRITSAR, KATHAVACHAK SRI MANJI SAHIB AMRITSAR) 10.GIANI NAIB SINGH JI (GRANTHI TAKHAT SRI DAMDAMA SAHIB) 11.GIANI THAKUR SINGH JI (HEAD GRANTHI GURDWARA DUKH NIVARAN SAHIB PATIALA) 12.GIANI BACHAN SINGH JI (GRANTHI GURDWARA CHOLA SAHIB) 13.GIANI BABA DHARAM SINGH JI JATHEDAR 14.GIANI BAKHSHEESH SINGH JI (PANDIT) 15.BHAI GURMUKH SINGH JI (DRIVER) 16.GIANI PREM SINGH JI GHUMAN (LUDHIANA) 17.GIANI MOHKAM SINGH JI 18.GIANI BALWINDER SINGH JI 19.GIANI DALBIR SINGH JI (ABIASI) 20.GIANI BABA MAHA SINGH JI (MATOAR) 21.GIANI HARNAM SINGH JI (DHUMA) 22.GIANI MALKIT SINGH JI 23.GIANI NIRMAL SINGH JI 24.GIANI HARBANZ SINGH JI 25.GIANI SUKHDEV SINGH JI 26.GIANI DALEEP SINGH JI RODE 27.GIANI MOHAN SINGH JI 28.GIANI DALVINDER SINGH JI 29.GIANI DARSHAN SINGH JI 30.SINGH SAHIB GIANI MAL SINGH JI (GRANTHI SRI DARBAR SAHIB AMRITSAR) 31.GIANI GURNAM SINGH JI 32.GIANI SAKATAR SINGH JI 33.GIANI JARNAIL SINGH JI 34.GIANI SUKHDEV SINGH JI SAAJAN 35.GIANI VIR SINGH JI MUSHAL 36.GIANI GURMAIL SINGH JI 37.GIANI GURSHARAN SINGH JI 38.GIANI RANJIT SINGH JI 39.GIANI BALDEV SINGH JI (GRANTHI TAKHAT SRI PATNA SAHIB) 40.GIANI LAKHA SINGH JI 41.GIANI AMRIK SINGH JI MANESH 42.GIANI TARLOKH SINGH JI 43.GIANI GURBANS SINGH JI 44.RAGI BHAI ATAR SINGH JI 45.GIANI GURMUKH SINGH JI SHAHEED (GARVAI) 46.RASHPAL SINGH JI SHAHEED (P.A.) 47.GIANI SARWAN SINGH JI SHAHEED (RODE) 48.RANBIR SINGH JI SHAHEED (FAUJI) 49.JAGIR SINGH JI SHAHEED 50.BABA DARSHAN SINGH JI SHAHEED 51.GURMEET SINGH JI SHAHEED 52.HARCHARAN SINGH JI SHAHEED 53.RAGI BHAI BALDEV SINGH JI 54.BHAI BALDEV SINGH JI 55.BHAI BALJINDER SINGH JI SHAHEED 56.BHAI HAJUR SINGH JI U.P. 57.BHAI PREM SINGH JI 58.RAGI BHAI PURAN SINGH JI 59.RAGI BHAI KARNAIL SINGH JI 60.RAGI BHAI HARI SINGH JI 61.RAGI BHAI MAHA SINGH JI 62.RAGI BHAI SURJIT SINGH JI 63.RAGI BHAI HUKAM SINGH JI 64.RAGI BHAI MOHAN SINGH JI 65.RAGI BHAI JASVIR SINGH JI 66.RAGI BHAI DHARAM SINGH JI 67.RAGI BHAI BALDEV SINGH JI MEHTA 68.BHAI GURJIND SINGH JI 69.JAGIR SINGH JI (MAHANT) 70.RAGI BHAI AMRIK SINGH JI (MOHI) 71.GIANI HARI SINGH JI
The 20th century’s great General, the heart of the Sikh youth, charismatic personality, Sant Jarnail Singh Jee Bhindran Wale were born on 1947AD at village Rode, Dist Faridkoth to Baba Joginder Singh and Mata Nihal Kaur Jee , Baba Joginder Singh Jee was a dedicated sevadar of the Sikh Nation.
When Sant Gurbachan Singh Jee Khalsa arrived at village Rode as he did every year, he took in one of the 7 sons of Baba Joginder Singh to live in Jathan Bhindra on a permanent basis, who was Sant Jarnail Singh Jee. Sant Jarnail Singh Jee was educated in the knowledge of god, by Sant Gurbachan Singh Jee Khalsa. In 1 year they learnt the correct pronunciations of Gurbani and Gurus history. His Anand Karaj was performed in 1966AD at Village Bilaspir with Sardar Sucha Singh’s daughter Bibi Pritam Kaur. He has two sons who are Ishar Singh born in 1971and InderJeet Singh born in 1975. After Sant Giani Kartar Singh Jee Khalsa ascended to Sachkand, Sant Jarnail Singh Jee was appointed the Jathedar of Damdami Taksal. The current acting Jathedar Baba Takhur Singh tied the Dastar of Jathedari on Sant Jarnail Singh Jee, after which Takhat Sri Patra Sahibs Jathedar Bhai Mohan Singh Jee presented Sant Jee a Siropa on behalf of the Takhat Sahib.
Under his Jathedari of Damdami Taksal, Sikhi Parchar with much fervour and passion was started, for 8 months they did parchar touring Punjabi villages/cities, Madh Pradesh U.P, Bombay and Calcutta and other areas, arriving at which they performed effective Parchar. They were about to embark on their second tour of parchar when on 1978 Vaisakhi, the Nirankaris had announced a large gathering/programme. Sant Jee accepted the challenge of the Nirankaris. The Government and Anti-Sikh sentiments started to say that Sant Jee was an extremist and terrorist, but still Sant Jee came out untarnished and the Damdami Taksal’s fame and respect kept rising.
The Damdami Taksal were the first to take note of the anti-Sikh practises of the Nakali Nirankaris, Damdami Taksal’s Jatherdar and Singh’s in 1953 had discovered that the Nakli Nirankaris were distorting the message of the Sikh Guru’s, Sikh history, Sikh religion and discipline. The discoveries of Damdami Taksal were never acknowledged or attempted to be understood by many. About 18-19 years from today, in Tamil Nadhu, some low-cast Hindus became Muslims, and the whole of the Hindu society was angered and worried by this act. Even in Indian parliament the question was raised as why the low castes Hindus are converting to Islam. As a direct result of which organisations such as Vishav Hindu Pareeshaad and Verat Hindu Samelan were born. In Hindustan there is about 87% Hindus of the population (approximatley 60 million). If out of the Hindu nation some convert to Islam then this is seen as a threat, if the Sikhs who are 2% of the population are attacked ideologically, this is not seen as a threat. To get to this conclusion does not need much assessment. This threat was first pointed out by the Damdami Taksal; the Damdami Taksals aim from its onset has been to tackle those opposed to Sikhi. To make opposition to those opposing Sikhi, is not to oppose other faiths. It is similar to the Hindu faith followers of low castes converting to Islam opposing this, it is not necessarily opposing Islam. Damdami Taksals primal duty has been to tackle attacks on Sikhi- regardless if they are sects of Sikhi or exterior threats, but it is not to oppose other faiths.
Sant Jee found out that the Nakali Nirankaris were going to do a procession in Amritsar, in which their leader and his wife will be seated in a canopy and that much anti-Sikh propaganda will be done. Singh’s sent by Sant Jee and the Akhand Kirtani Jatha went peacefully to protest against the Nirankaris, but the Nirankaris met their peaceful nature with gun fire and 13 Singh’s were martyred and many were injured. After this bloody encounter their event still carried on for more than 3 hours. The government openly supported the Nakali Nirankaris. On 24 April 1980 the Nakali Nirankaris leader was assassinated, for this assassination both the government and the Nakali Nirankaris made Sant Jarnail Singh Jee a prime suspect. On 9 Sept 1981 Lala Jagat Narain was assassinated and a warrant for arrest was issued for Sant Jarnail Singh Jee. Sant Jee voluntarily courted arrest on 20th September 1981. He was taken too many places and questioned on many issues whilst in custody. But no evidence was produced against Sant Jee and he was released without charge.
On 26 April 1982 a Morcha (campaign) was started to get Amritsar holy city status. Some Singhs of the Jatha and Bhai Amrik Singh Jee (AISSF) were arrested. Sant Jee began the Dharam Yudh Morcha on 19 July 1982 to get the innocent Singhs freed. The Dharam Yudh Morcha was also adopted by the Shiromani Akali Dal on 4 August 1982 and they declared that the Morcha would continue until all demands of the Anandpur Sahib resolution were met. In the first three months of the Dharam Yudh Morcha 40,000 Singhs courted arrest. The Delhi government weren’t giving an inch and not even one of the demands were met. Due to the press coverage and mass participation in the Dharam Yudh Morcha, the government began to criminalise and persecute the Sikh community, through its propaganda and tools of state machinery. The government propagated the view that Sikhs wanted the whole of the India to be divided into many nations and that Sikhs were enemies of Hindus. They propagated the view that the lives of Hindus in Punjab were under threat and that an exodus of Hindus from Punjab had begun.
The Asian Games of November 1982 were being held in New Delhi. The Sikh leaders had expressed their desire to inform the world media at the Games that Sikhs had been discriminated against since independence in 1947. Prior to independence Gandhi, Nehru and the like who had given promises to the Sikhs, had not fulfilled these promises. Indira Gandhi hinted to Bhajan Lal that Sikhs should be discriminated against during the games, due to Bhajan Lal’s orders every Sikh was interrogated prior to entering Delhi, to ascertain if they were terrorists or not. They were treated very badly, they were rigorously searched and questioned, to the extent that Ex-Cabinet Minister Swaran Singh, Retd. Air Chief Marshal Arjan Singh, Retd. General Arora were even interrogated. Sikhs were given a strong message that they are 3rd class citizens and that they are unwanted residents of India. This disrespectful, unwarranted treatment was not criticised by state or central government, the press or intellectuals did not question this disgraceful treatment. No Sikh Congress Minister resigned in protest. Only one conclusion could be drawn from these events, Sikhs are an oppressed minority in India.
Indira was convinced that the Congress Party Sikhs were that low that even if she ordered an army assault on Sri Harmander Sahib, they would remain silent and would tow the party line. She was confident that the Shromani Akali Dal would be taught a lesson and they would not dare step out of line again. Leading Akali leaders gave assurances to Indira Gandhi that Sant Jee would run scared when faced against the might of the Indian Army and that they will not support him, in the event of the attack. Many leading personalities of India and abroad, discussed the Dharam Yudh Morcha with Sant Jee. Sant Jee would make all those who visited him content, with his responses. Dr Subarmanim Swami who was a member of the Indian Parliament had to say after discussions with Sant Jee, “If Sant Jarnail Singh is a terrorist then so am I.”
The government were failing in their propaganda attempts as they were losing to intellectual and well grounded arguments. They were getting frustrated and thus they sent the army into Punjab and put in place a state of emergency.
For the nation that the 9th Guru, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Jee was sacrificed (as a matter of human rights) and in the independence of India, 92% of those who were killed by the British were Sikhs, instead of being grateful they attacked Sri Harmander Sahib and Sri Akhal Takhat Sahib on 1st June 1984. Thousands of army personnel and tanks were used in the army assault and a fierce battle raged until 6th June 1984.
Some leading Akalis had informed the government that when they (the army) win the battle, upon gaining control of Sri Harmander Sahib, then Sant Jee and his associates will join their hands and surrender and the heroics of the Taksal will end. In 1983 one journalist even had the audacity to write that the heroic stories that the Sikhs narrate at Gurpurbs and never tire in retelling, they are myths like the Puranic myths. The Delhi government were convinced that Sant Jarnail Singh would surrender and that Sikhs would be totally disheartened after the attack and will become apathetic and controllable. The outcome of the attack they thought would be an end to the rebellious nature of Sikhs and an assimilation of Sikhs into the Hindu fold, Sikhs simply becoming long-haired Hindus.
In March 1983 Sant Jee learnt of all these evil plans and the prevalent threats to Sikhs and devised strategies to lead the Sikhs through this critical and historically definitive period. He attempted to ensure that the dreams of the enemies of the Panth were not prosperous, and that the cause of the Sikhs received global media attention. In the eyes of the world the Sikhs made a unique victory with Operation Blue Star, as the government had to stoop so low in attempting to silence the Sikhs, making history. In the battle that ensued Baba Thara Singh (Damdami Taksal), Bhai Amrik Singh (President AISSF), General Subegh Singh and many others were martyred, Sant Jee heeding the advice of the Singhs went to an undisclosed location.
After Sant Kartar Singh Jee Khalsa Bhindra Vale ascended to Sachkand, Baba Jee appointed Sant Giani Jarnail Singh Jee Khalsa the leader of Damdami Taksal, Sant Jee would always heed Baba Jee’s advice.
In July 1982 Sant Jarnail Singh Jee Khalsa began the Dharam Yudh Morcha to free the Sikh’s from oppression of the government and made Amritsar their permanent residence, and Baba Jee was given the seva to look after Gurdawara Gurdashan Parkash Mehta. In June 1984 the government attacked Sri Harmander Sahib and Sri Akhal Takhat Sahib martyred countless Singh’s and Singhnia. After the attack Sant Jee went underground, in the absence of Sant Jee the Damdami Taksal seva was given to Baba Jee by the Sangat, which they are performing to their best currently, he has guided the Damdami Taksal through testing and difficult times, and his wisdom has shined throughout.
Baba Jee has kept the Damdami Taksal Parcher countinuous, he attends many functions throughout the world. Thousands have been inspired through parcher organised by Baba Jee and have taken Amrit. He has fought cases for arrested Singh’s and has assisted those still in jail, in whatever manner possible, Shaheed’s families have been provided for and are still being supported.
He restarted the great tradition of Sarbat Khalsa and they performed the reconstruction of Sri Akhal Takhat Sahib with much physical fervour, many other Gurdwaras have been built and are being built/renovated.Gurdwara Shaheed Ganj B-block was built in Sri Amritsar in memory of the Shaheeds of the encounter with Nakali Nirankaris of 1978. At Sri Anandpur Sahib on Kiratpur Sahib Road a Gurdwara was built to benefit visiting sangats. In memory of Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Jee Khalsa a Khalsa academy & a hospital have been built at Mehta. Baba Jee is respected throughout the panth as a very spiritual/gifted leader and he is a shining example of a Khalsa. When they utter Vaheguru Jee Ka Khalsa, Vaheguru Jee Kee Fateh peace is brought to the minds of thousands. On 24th December 2004, Baba Ji left this world for Sachkhand.